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Monroe Historical Society
Monroe, Washington
August 16, 1917     Monroe Historical Society
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August 16, 1917

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"?% I I /. _J i i I ) A Friendly Statement From the Lumber Industry TO ITS EMPLOYES AND THE PEOPLE " OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST Mill operators are not opposed to an eight-hour day if nation- al within the industry if all producing regions are on the same working hour basis. Employers of mill and logging camp labor recognize the con- stantly increasing living problems of the wage earner. They will advance wages as eonditons pernlit. They have vol- untarily advanced wages three times since the first of this year and are today paying the highest wages in the hunber industry of this or any other country. * A REGIONAL EIGHT-HOUR DAY WOULD BE RUINOUS ALIKE TO PACIFIC NORTHWEST INDUSTRY, LABOR AND BUSINESS. IT IS A PROBLEM OF COMPETITION THAT ONLY BE- COMES POSSIBLE TO CONSIDER IN CONNECTION WITH A NATIONALIZED EIGHT-HOUR DAY FOR THE LUMBER INDUSTRY OF THE ENTIRE UNITED STATES. Government records (Report No. 114, page 8, United States Department of" Agriculture) show 913 mills in the Pacific North- west and 41,108 mills in the other hlmber producing regions of the United States. The dther 41,108 mills are working from ten to eleven hours, a day. They are paying less wages than the 913 mills of the Pacifi({ Northwest. They are located more advantageously as regards the country's principal lumber consuming markets than are the 913 mills of the Pacific Northwest. On account of the geographical handicap as regards the principal markets Pacific Northwest common lumber cannot now successfully compete east of the Missouri River with the forest products of other regions. From sixty to eighty per cent. of a tree is common hunber. WHY PACIFIC NORTHWEST LUMBER " MARKETS ARE RESTRICTED The freight cost of principal competing woods to the Chicago markets: I .... Douglas fir from Pacific Northwest..55c per 100 lbs. Yellow pine from the South .......... 25c per 100 "lbL Northern Pine ...................... 16(. per 100 lbs. " Northern hemlock .................... ] 0e, per 100 lbs. The freight cost of competing woods to the .Kansas City market: Douglas 'fir from the Pacific Northwest.. 50c per 100 lbs. Yellow pine from the South .. : ........ ':24c per 100 lbs. Northern Pine ................. .25c per 100 lbs. Northerh hemlock .................... 22c per 100 lbs. The freight cost of competing woods to the Minneapolis nlarket: Douglas fir from the Pacific Northwest.. 45c per 100 lbs. Yelow pine from the South ............. 31c.per 100 lbs. NorthernPine ........................ 7c per 100 lbs. Northern hemlock .................... 4c per 100 lbs. An "8-hour day and 10-hour pay" would increase the cost of producing lumber twenty-five per cent, thereby further restrict- ing markets, and restricted markets mean idle mills. An "8-hour day and ~Jhour pay" the employer believes would be unfair to the wage-earner in that it would be asking him to ac- cept a lower wage than he is now receiving less money to live on in the face of fast advancing living costs which we all recognize. In the event of a'national' eight-hour day, which would equal- ize fundamental competitive conditons, a readjustment of wages probably would 'take place, without adding disastrously to the Mready burdensonie handicap under which Pacific Northwest mills are laboring in their effort to extend markets and place the industry ori a permanently sound and prosperous basis. THE LUMBER IiCDUSTRY IS NOT PROSPEROUS Exclusive of the cost of stumpage and the cost of selling lum- ber, lumber proclucing costs, which were $10.21 per thousand feet board me~/sure in 1913--the last normal year of the lumber in- dust~y--ha~e' increased to $14.59 today. On an 8-hour day at 10 hours pay these costs wduld be $17.43 per thousand feet board measure: "(:" '~ " .... IS FROM THE AVERAGESELLING PRICE TODAX RE $13.50 TO $1~.50 PER THOUSANDFEET BOARD MEASU ProducizRg costshave advanced more rapidly than the market. ~Vages have ii/ereased 40 pet~ cent since 1913. Other mill and camp costs show an average increase of 85 per cent since 1913. Salaries have advance 15 per cent since 1913. FORTY~ PER CENT OF THE MILLS WHICH WERE OP- ERATED Iig 191~ ~RE NOW EITHER IN BANKRUPTCY OR "HAVE'BEEN LIQUIDATED BY THE COURTS " THESE ARE 'I~-IE FACTSCON_CERNING THE LUMBER TNDUSTRY OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST. WE SUGGEST THAT EVERY WAGE EARNER IN THE LUMBER INDUS- TRY AND EVERY CITIZEN OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST . INTERESTED IN KNOWING THE TRUTH ABOUT THE IN- DUSTRY WHICH PAYS 60 PER CENT OF ALL WAGES IN OREGON AND WASHINGTON READ THE UNITED~STATES GOVERNMF~qTr PUBLICATION ENTITLED "SOME PUBLIC AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF THE LUMBER INDUSTRY," PUBLISHED BY THE.UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE JANUARY 24,:1917. THIS IS ON FILE IN TItE PUBLIC LIBRARIES OR MAY BE OBTAINED FROM '~HE SUpEI~NTENDENTOF DOCUMENTS, GOVERNMENT PRINTING DFFICE, WASHINGTON, D. C. THE PAC1FICNORTHWEST LUMBER INDUSTRY. MANY AU1O$ STOLEN In the opinion of Charles A. Fos- ter, who is head of the auto de- partment of I. M. Howell, secre- tary of state, there are probably 1,000 autos stolen each year in this state. The bulk of them are taken in Seattle. Some idea of how many this means is under. stood when it is figured that about three cars are stolen every day in the year. There is never a day that goes by but that the police are notified of thefts some place in the state and sometimes long lists of s~o- len cars come from Seattle. The Olympia police are constantly on the watch for these machines and occasionally they are picked up there. Mr. Foster says there is no way of getting the exact number of cars that are stolen, as there is no central place for registering them all. The state department is not notified and it is only when someone writes in or comes to Olympia to look up the records that the department gets any no- tification of the theft. WHEAT I;ROP SHORT Only through the most strict conservation of food will this country be able to send any con- siderable amount of grain to her European allies this fall, is the belief of Edwin T. Marchetti, of Spokane, field agent in charge of the bureau of crop estimates, working under the 'department of agriculture. He says: "Figures now indicate that the available wheat surplus for ex- port this year will be less than within the last three years, and the demand will be greater. Con- sideration must also be given to the fact that a considerable por- tion of the wheat ~rop is still sub- ject to damage between now and the time of maturity." Summons by Publication In tlae Superior Court of the State of Washington, in and for the County of Snohomish. No. 16,591. James Meagher, Plaintiff, versus Nich- olas Sehmitt, sometimes known as Nicholas Schmidt, and Maud Fran- ces Schmitt, sometimes known as Maude Frances Schmidt and Maud Francis Schmitt, his wife, August Greyerbiehl, Fred Reahlow, ,Nicho- las Schlunges, W. R. Stockbridge, Floyd M. Daggett, Frank E. Dall- man, A. D. Crosby and Augusta Crosby, his wife, German-American Bank of Seattle, Defendants. The State of Washington: To Nicholas Schlunges, Fred Reahlow, Augusta Crosby and A. D. Crosby, the above named defendants: You and each of you arehereby sum- moned to appear within sixty (60)days after the date of the first publication of this summons, to-wit: sixty days after August 9th, 1917, anddefend the above entitled action in the above en- titled court and answer the complaint of the Flaintiff and serv9 a copy of your answer upon the undersigned at- torneys for plaintiff at their offices be- low stated, and in case of your failure so to do, judgment will be rendered against you according to the demand of the complaint, which has been filed with the clerk of the above entitled court. The object of this action is to re- cover a judgment against the defend- ants Nicholas Schmitt and Maud ]~;ran- ces Schmitt, in the sum of $6,600.00 with intei-est thereon at eight per cent per annum trom January 18th, 1911, upon a promissory note dated April 28th, 1910, and the further sum of $51.20 with interest thereon at eight per cent per annum from February 25th, 1916, and plaintiff's costs of this /action, including an attorney's fee of $750.00, and to foreclose that certain mortgage made. exocuted and deliv- ered by said defendants Schmitt and wife to plaintiff on April 28th. 1910, to secure the payment of said indebted- ness upon the following described land situated in Snohomish coun/ty, Wash- ington, to-wit: The southeast quarter of the north- west quarter and lots 3, 4 and 5. all in" section eight (8), townshil5 twenty- nine (29) north, range four (4) east W. M.. also all tide and shore lands of the second class heretofore owned by the state of Washington, situate in front of and adjacent to or upon that portion of the government meander line in front of lots 3, 4 and 5, sec. 8. twp. 29, north range 4, east W. M., with a total frontage of 105.90 lineal chains, more or less, measured along the meander line according to a certified copy of the government field notes as of record in the office of the Commissioner of Public Lands at Olympia, Washing- ton, which said mortgage appears of record in Vol. 79 of Mortgages, at page 473. records of said Snohomlsh county, Washington. COLEMAN ~z FOCAllY. Attorneys for Plaintiff. Office and Postoffice Address: 16-20 Walsh Block, Everett, Snohomish County, Washington. First publication, August 9, 1917. Last publication, Sept. 13, 1917. ( ,a / THE INDE ENIDENT 81100 ~s A YEAR Our New Location: Center Room in P0 toffice Block . / For Rent Six-room house, freshly painted and papered throughout, near High School. Six-room house in good con- dition, near common school. Five-room house and acre of land, at Park Place. For Sale One of the best dairy farms in the state, very cheap. G. F. COOK, Rooms 1-3 Ferguson Building, Monroe, Wash. G: F~. COOK LAWYER REAL ESTATE, INSURANCE Ferguson Building Monroe, Wash. E. P. WALKER ATTORNEY 108 Main Street, Monroe, Wash. FRANK L. COOPER ATTORNEY |407 AMERICAN-mBANK BUILDING EVERETT, " WASHINGTON O. H. GRAVES AT:I'ORNEY-AT-LAW '" Office 309 American Bank Bldg. -- Everett, Wash. Telephone-- 1947-Everett. DR. C. W. ROBEN DENTIST Dolloff Block, Monroe. Wash. Phone 111. DR. G. L. WHITCOMB DENTIST Dolloff Block, Monroe, Wash. Phone 1681. Evenings and Sundays by appointment. DR, E. W. COX, M. D. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Offi,:e and Residence Opposite Monroe Livery Barn Monroe, Wash. DR. W. P, MoMATH OSTEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Sultan, Wash. Telephone 41K DR. C. HJORT Veterinarian Cattle Diseases a Specialty Phone Sunset 55 w 113 East Main St. Monroe, Wn. MONROE : UNDERTAKING COMPANY FUNERAL DIRECTORS AND LICENSED EMBALMERS Our Most Considerate Attention is at Your Disposal, Night or Day Calls Answered Promptly. Both Phones. Monroe,~'~Vash. GASCARA BARK Wanted Also Oregon Grape RooCand Foxglove Leaves and Seeds, We pay highest market price. CHI~HALIS PRODUCE COMPANY, Aberdeen, Washington. 26 SWIFT & CO, .. .,